A comparison of the political and social systems of Europe and black Africa from antiquity to the formation of modern states that demonstrates the black contribution to the development of Western civilization.

Precolonial Black Africa 1988, Chicago Review Press

ISBN-13: 9781556520884

French

Trade paperback

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Precolonial Black Africa 1987, Lawrence Hill Books, Westport, CT

ISBN-13: 9780882081878

Hardcover

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