8vo in 4's. 14.8 x 9 cm. Rebound: perfect, or adhesive bound in modern, gilt decorated buckram. Contemporary ink inscription on title page. 239pp. Very good. The scarce, first printing by John Wilkes at his private press in London. An edition in Eng lish was printed by Wilkes the following year. John Wilkes (1727-1797), a life-long friend of Baron d'Holbach, was an English radical reformer who campaigned for freedom of the press, free speech and parliamentary reform, supported the anti-s l a v e r y movement and opposed British policy during the American Revolutionary War. Wilkes established his press to promote Enlightenment ideals and published a newspaper, "The North Briton", which opposed King George and the governing arist oc ra cy a nd l ea d t o his arrest and exile. Nicholas Antoine Boulanger (1722-1759), an engineer, contributed to the Encyclopédie and in this work speculates on the origin of human societies and the impact of the environment on them.
Very Good. First edition. 17 cm, 12mo. Collated: xxxii, 435 pp. Full period mottled calf. Gilt spine and rule. All edges washed red. Marbled end pages. Hardcover. Good binding and cover. Tails of boards starting. Minor edge wear. Clean, unmarked pages. Nicolas Antoine Boulanger was an Enlightenment French philosopher, cartographer, and engineer. Boulanger had some fluency in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, Chaldean, and Arabic. Intended as an introduction and key to Montesquieu's L'Esprit des Loix, Boulanger's theological-political treatise was edited and first published posthumously in 1761 by the Baron d'Holbach. This, his most famous work, Research into the Origins of Oriental Despotism, speculates on the origin of human societies. The main theme described aptly by Paul Sadrin, is that "Man, after escaping the Flood, was terrified...Everything was gradually spoiled by forgetfulness and imposture-the forgetfulness of most men and the imposture of a few leaders. Religion, which had only been the memory of the disaster and the commemoration of the "renewed world, " became the Revelation." This was in Boulanger's eyes the worst of crimes, as the Revelation deprives man of his humanity and gives birth to the cruelest of despotisms, the theocratic regime, of which God is the monarch and the monarch is God...What matters to Boulanger is to expose the direct relationship between theocracy and civil despotism." (p. 36-37) Sadrin, Paul. "NICOLAS-ANTOINE BOULANGER (1722? Çô59)". The Yale University Library Gazette 71.1/2 (1996): 32? Çô42. The value to the modern reader is perhaps greater in what it says about how Boulanger, and those he influenced, thought about how society is constructed and the destruction of freedom within society. BMC 3: 1076.642; Barbier IV, 30; Cioranescu 13420; Caillet 1532; Naumann 94.
Very Good. Ouvrage posthume de M. B.I.D.P.E.C. [Edited by Baron Paul Henry Thiry d' Holbach]. no place: no publisher, 1775. Later Edition, 1st printing. [First published 1761 in Geneve. ] xxiv+233+pp. 12mo. Early 20th century black morocco-backed marbled boards with marbled endpapers and gilt-stamped spine. Some rubbing to the spine tips, raised spine bands, and bottom edges; some some chipping near the crown of the front blanks. The usual age-toning. A very good copy. A widely read treatise on despotic systems of government in Asia, written as a kind of introduction to Montesquieu's Esprit de loix. The 1764 English translation was probably done by John Wilkes. There were numerous 18th century editions and an abridge form of the text appeared in the Encyclopedie as "Oeconomie politique." Weight: 8.0 ounces = 228 grams. Size: 7.4 x 4.5 x 0.7 inches = 18.5 x 11.2 x 1.7cm. Inquire if you need further information.
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